Heritage-led innovation builds on the implementation of a cutting-edge idea or method that results in an improvement for users. The basis of the innovation process is new knowledge, which is often an intersecting of disciplines and needs. The innovation is either tested by the practitioners and larger society, or is ready for a larger upscaling towards the market.
ILUCIDARE considers three categories of heritage-led innovation, taking into account the diverse roles heritage can play in relation to innovation as well as its interaction with other sectors:
Heritage-driven innovation: innovations that are based on the specific needs of heritage assets (due to their unique values, materials, design techniques or characteristics) and also become also available for other sectors.
Assimilation of innovation: innovations developed in other fields or sectors that can be applied to heritage assets in order to generate knowledge, new uses, improvement of preservation, enhance decision-making or support their management.
Heritage as resource: Heritage at large or specific heritage assets generate new ideas or knowledge, are the basis for innovation processes or kick-start new interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral collaborations leading to innovation in various fields.
Heritage-led diplomacy and international cooperation build on the relevance of heritage and of shared past heritage to foster international cultural relations, peace building, reconciliation, social cohesion, multicultural dialogue, better mutual understanding, human and economic development across nations and communities.
Not only involving governmental actors at all levels (national, regional and local), heritage-led diplomacy also includes a broader array of non-state stakeholders such as people-to-people dialogue, cultural heritage organisations operating for instance in architectural preservation, social development or post-disaster reconstruction. Heritage-led diplomacy is therefore about multidimensional and multi-stakeholders’ cultural exchanges, beyond states and international bodies.
ILUCIDARE considers two main types of heritage-led diplomacy:
Heritage-driven diplomacy whereby heritage and its governance are put at the centre of diplomatic processes, recognising their broader political, social, cultural and economic impacts for bi and multilateral relations, transnational cooperation and reconciliation.
Heritage within diplomacy whereby the preservation of heritage acts as a political tool in state-led foreign policy or local initiatives, in the context of promoting better mutual understanding and exchanges or conflict resolution and recovery in developing countries.